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Chess Champion of the World Anatoly Karpov

1. Steinitz 2. Lasker 3. Capablanca 4. Alekhine 5. Euwe
6. Botvinnik 7. Smyslov 8. Tal 9. Petrosian 10. Spassky
11. Fischer 12. Karpov 13. Kasparov 14. Kramnik 15. Anand
"For me, chess is first of all strife, and the most essential thing is the sports principle." (A. Karpov).
Anatoly KARPOV
Born: May 23, 1951 in Zlatoust, Russia.
The 12-th World Champion (1975 - 1985) in the history of Chess Championships, the International Grandmaster (1970), the Champion of the USSR (1976, 1983, 1988), the holder of the "Chess Oscar" prize (1973 - 1977, 1979 - 1981, 1984, 1994).
Karpov
Anatoly Karpov has played chess since the age of 4. At the age of 15 he became one of the youngest Soviet players ever to gain the title of National Master.
In 1973 A. Karpov started his struggle for the World Champion's title: at the Interzonal FIDE Tournament in Leningrad he took the 1-2-d place. In the pretenders' quarter-match (Moscow, 1974) A. Karpov defeated L. Polugayevsky (+3, -0, =5), in the semi-final match (Leningrad, 1974) - B. Spassky (+4, -1, =6), and in the final (Moscow, 1974) V. Korchnoi was defeated (+3, -2, =19).
As R. Fischer refused to play, A. Karpov was declared to be the World Champion (April 3, 1975).
 
The World Championship Matches:
 
1978, Baguio (Philippines). Karpov - Korchnoi. At the score of 5 : 5 (draws were not registered), the match outcome was decided by Karpov's victory in the 32-d game. With the score of 6 : 5 (+ 6, - 5, = 21) Karpov kept the World Champion's title.
 
1981, Merano (Italy). Karpov - Korchnoi. Another Karpov's victory with the score of 6 : 2 (+ 6, - 2, = 10).
 
1984/1985, Moscow. Karpov - Kasparov. The match was played till 6 victories (draws were not registered) and turned out to be the longest in the history of chess (159 days, 48 games). According to the FIDE decision, it was discontinued without announcing the winner at the score of 5 : 3 (+ 5, - 3, = 40) in Karpov's favour.
 
1985, Moscow. Karpov - Kasparov. Karpov lost with the score of 11 : 13 (+ 3, - 5, = 16), and Kasparov became the 13-th World Champion.
 
1986, London, Leningrad. The return match Kasparov - Karpov . Karpov failed to return his World Champion's title. The score was 11,5 : 12,5 (+ 4, - 5, = 15).
 
1987, Seville (Spain). Kasparov - Karpov. Before the final game of the match Karpov was in the lead with a 1-point advantage. But Kasparov was able to win this game and make the score even - 12 : 12 (+ 4, - 4, = 16), what allowed him to keep the World Champion's title.
 
1990, New York, Lyons. Kasparov - Karpov. Karpov lost again with the score of 12.5 : 11.5.
 
According to specialists, A. Karpov is a chess player of classical, positional style. His characteristic features are: thorough and faultless position evaluation, swiftness and seeming ease at play, the ability to harmoniously interact with the pieces. Karpov notes that he plays "right" chess, avoiding unnecessary risk. However, he doesn't avoid the attacks and combinations, if they logically result from the position requirements.
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